More than 60% of women fail to get tested for Chlamydia — CDC. It’s a common sexually transmitted disease, with 1.3 million new cases reported in 2010 alone, and down the road, it can cause complications like chronic pain, infertility and ectopic pregnancies for infected women. Like most STDs, it can even make them more vulnerable to HIV infections, if they are exposed.
If left untreated, chlamydia infections can spread into the uterus or fallopian tubes, causing pelvic inflammatory disease. These can damage the fallopian tubes, uterus and surrounding tissues, causing chronic pain and infertility. An infection can also cause fatal ectopic pregnancies, where the fertilized egg implants in the fallopian tubes, causing these to burst.